The Chinese contribution to global Biogeochemical-Argo is coordinated within the Argo-China program where the national priorities are defined.
- The overall priorities of Chinese Biogeochemical-Argo are totally in phase with those defined at an international level with respect to scientific and societal questions, variables to be acquired and float mission configuration.
- Areas of preferential deployments are essentially (but not exclusively) the South China Sea, the Northwest Pacific, the Equatorial Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Southern Ocean.
- A strong focus on carbon biogeochemistry is a high priority for the Biogeochemical-Argo program in China, with comprehensive multi-disciplinary efforts under a technical framework that strongly address the combination of floats observation with simulation models and other time series, such as satellite remote sensing and buoy/moorings.
The Chinese contribution to global Biogeochemical-Argo is supported through various sources of funding:
- Recurrent funding: Three Biogeochemical-Argo floats have been acquired through the scientific instrument and equipment fund for State Key Laboratories, a special fund by Ministry of Finance, China (MoF) that is processed every five years. This funding scheme is potentially a key source of float acquisition for China’s long-term contribution to global Biogeochemical-Argo network. Ship time for float deployments in area of interests and the collection of in situ data for sensor calibration/validation is available yearly to Chinese scientists, through the support by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC).
- Project-based funding: Biogeochemical-Argo contribution by the Chinese community is also organized through National Basic Research Program of China (the so-called 973 program), funded by Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MOST). Since 2010, the following large on-going project has significantly contributed to biogeochemical-Argo time series in the South China Sea: